The word cyst is no stranger to women’s vocabulary: there are many who discover this benign disease in their ovaries, and although they do not represent a real danger to their health, it is better to know and treat them in time to avoid complications.
Know what ovarian cysts are and what to do if you have them
What are cysts?
An ovarian cyst is a sac or small pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms in the woman’s ovary. When it ovulates, it forms a small follicle or cell in one of its ovaries approximately 20 millimeters in diameter that breaks when the ovum is mature and ready to be fertilized. If it does the pregnancy, the follicle is reabsorbed naturally, but when this reabsorption fails, this follicle cyst and produces these foreign bodies in the ovaries of women.
What are its main characteristics?
Cysts are benign and usually do not compromise the fertility of the woman. Even over time, they may disappear by themselves. But not for that, the woman should neglect to treat these small sacs that form spontaneously in or on one or both ovaries, ll loved in the medical field as functional cysts and that differ from tumor or carcinogenic cysts because of their benign nature for the sexual and reproductive health of women.
At what age do they appear?
They may appear with the arrival of puberty women, staying in their childbearing years and disappear with the arrival of the menopause, and can be one or many. Their size may vary.
What are the risk factors for these cysts?
A woman may have ovarian cysts if:
- You have irregular menstrual cycles.
- Undergo fertility treatments.
- Hormonal imbalances.
What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?
Ovarian cysts usually have no symptoms, although some can be detected because of acute pain in the abdomen during certain activities. When a cyst bleeds or ruptures, it causes intense pain in the woman who should be treated immediately because it represents a medical emergency that can lead to serious problems in the woman’s body such as vaginal bleeding. Also, a woman may notice that she has one or more ovarian cysts if she has pain when she begins her menstrual period or when she has sex.
How can ovarian cysts be detected?
Through a pelvic exam, a doctor may suspect the existence of a cyst in the ovaries, and check it by performing an ultrasound or an MRI. A blood test can further confirm whether the cyst needs to be removed or not.
Do cysts really do not affect the fertility of a woman?
Although usually a woman’s fertility is not affected by the appearance of cysts, in many cases these can cause the woman’s ovulation not to be given in the right way, leaving as a consequence great difficulties in conceiving a baby. In addition, the size of a cyst may alter the correct functioning of the ovaries, injure or deform them, which may compromise the woman’s future fertility.
What treatment should a woman follow if cysts are discovered in her ovaries?
The gynecologist may perform periodic examinations of the woman to see if the cysts present are reabsorbed over time. If these grow, hurt or present complications, the doctor can order contraception or surgery, either to remove the cyst or even the ovary, depending on the severity of the problem. The important thing is to frequently check the condition of the cysts, to avoid complications in the future, such as ovarian cancer. Consult your gynecologist if you present or believe that you present cysts in this area of the body so important for your reproductive health.